National Museum Archaeological Collection

  Timeline

Old Stone Age (Palaeolithic Period)
(450,00 - 6,000 B.C.)



Land bridges connected the archipelago to mainland Asia. Prehistoric man survived by hunting and gathering and used tools made from stones. They lived in caves and rock shelters close to the source of water.
  Flake Tools
  Skull Cap


New Stone Age (Neolithic Period)
(6,000 - 2,000 B.C.)



With the rise of the sea level and the disappearance of the land bridges, ancient man adapted to the new environment. He moved out of caves and settled along the coast. He polished stone tools and other implements for working wood, reaping and chopping. He also engaged in pottery-making, fashioned ornaments from stones, shells and bones.
  Stone and Shell Adzes
  Shell Bracelets and Pendants
  Angono Petroglyphs
  Bark-Cloth Beater
  Manunggul Jar


Metal Age
(2,000 B.C. - 1000 A.D.)



The use of metals changed the life of ancient man. He made more efficient tools and fashioned jewelry out of metals. He also engaged in weaving, cultivation of the land, boat-building and made elaborate pottery.
  Lingling-o
  Bronze Socketed Adzes and Moulds
  Anthropomorphic Pots
  Butuan Boats


Age of Contact with the Great Traditions of Asia
(1000 A.D.)



This period is characterized by the appearance of ceramic wares such as highly fired tradeware. It includes the ceramics of the Tang, Sung, Yuan, Ming and the Ching dynasties. The local pottery made during this time is standard in style and less elaborate. Its style shows influences coming from tradeware.
  Butuan Ivory Seal
  Gold Death-Mask
  Banton Cloth


This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014
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