by Robert P. Fox and

Avelino Legaspi


This report briefly summarizes the results of the archaeological excavations in the inner patio of the Santa Ana Parish Church and in nearby properties along Old Lamayan Road which have revealed Filipino habitation and burial sites which date more than 400 years before the arrival of the Spaniards in Manila. The excavations represent the first phase of a larger project entitled "Pre-Spanish Manila Through Archaeology" sponsored by the First Lady of the Philippines, Mrs. Imelda Romualdez Marcos.


This project seeks to provide data on the complex and dramatic cultural history of the Philippines' great city - Manila. Excavations also being made in each of the major Pre-Spanish settlements, in addition to Santa Ana, Binondo, Bangkusay, and others which after a hundred years have grown to form the present-day metropolis of 1,500,000 people. The excavations and research are particularly concerned with the proto-historic period of Philippine culture-history - the period when formal trade developed between the Philippines and neighboring Asian countries, notably South China - for it was during the proto-historic period when the foundations of contemporary Filipino culture crystallized.


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